Additionally, fractures are separated into several types. These types can determine their severity and any likely complications:
- Greenstick – fractures involving bent bones, most commonly found in children
- Comminuted – fractures where the bone breaks in multiple pieces
- Transverse – fractures in which the broken piece of bone shifts to form a right angle with the axis of the bone
- Oblique – fractures that show a curved or sloped pattern
- Buckled – (also known as an impacted fracture) when fractured ends of bone are driven into each other
- Pathologic – fracture caused by a disease which has weakened bone density
- Stress – fractures that involve small, hairline cracks
2. Muscle And Ligament Sprains / Strains
Often, the terms sprain and strain are used interchangeably, however, these injuries have specific differences:
- Sprains refer to a tear or stretch within a ligament. Ligaments are the fibrous tissue bands which connect bones at each joint. These types of injuries typically occur when someone slips and falls, twists, or hits their body in an awkward position. The most common body part to sprain is an ankle. About 25,000 people sprain their ankles each day.
- Strains refer to a tear or stretch within a tendon or within the muscle itself. The tendons are the tissues which connect muscle to bone. Strains happen commonly when someone uses repetitive motions, and they twist or pull a muscle or tendon.
In the working world, those most at risk for strains and sprains are anyone doing repetitive motions, and frequent, heavy lifting. The more severe the sprain or strain injury is, the worse the pain and the more difficult it may be to use the injured area.
3. Neck And Spinal Injuries
Spinal cord and neck injuries can be caused by multiple things, and can include various symptoms, depending on their severity. These symptoms can range from numbness, weakness, or difficulty walking to full paralysis or shock. Because the spinal cord holds nerves that carry messages between your body and brain via the neck and back, these injuries can be very serious.
Paralysis occurs when neck or spinal injuries are so severe that complete muscle function loss occurs. Paralysis can be both temporary or permanent, and can affect either localized (small) or generalized (widespread) areas of the body. It can also affect just one side of the body (unilateral) or both (bilateral). If an injury causes paralysis which affects the muscles that aid in breathing, it can become life-threatening.
Paralysis can be categorized into two main types:
- Paraplegia – affecting the lower half of the body, including both legs
- Quadriplegia – affecting both legs and both arms
4. Head Or Brain Injuries
Injuries to the head are among the most common causes of disability and death in the U.S.
According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), traumatic brain injury contributes to about 30% of all deaths. From 2006 to 2010, falls were the leading cause of traumatic brain injuries, accounting for about 40% of all occurrences. Specifically on construction sites, an increased danger associated with head injuries is falling debris.
A traumatic brain injury is caused by a severe impact to the head that moves or jolts the brain. These high-impact hits to the head can cause damage to the skull, or skull damage and bleeding/swelling of the brain. Intense shaking can also cause brain injuries. If you have suffered bruising or bleeding to the brain tissue directly under the injury site, this is called a contusion.
Burns can be caused in many different ways and their damage comes in varying degrees.
- Thermal burns are burns that occur because of exposure to heat. In the workplace, this can happen through fire, steam, or boiling liquids, or from hot surfaces, such as machinery parts, engines, pipes, welding equipment, and more. Even extensive sun exposure while working outside can cause severe sunburn which is another type of thermal burn.
- Electrical Burns occur from exposure to currents of electricity. Electricity currents can come through wires, outlets, machinery, water, or lightening.The severity of these burns can be underestimated because the current passes through the body, creating both external and internal damage.
- Chemical Burns are caused by corrosive, synthetic chemicals which penetrate and burn skin when they come into contact with it.
Most burns fit into a category of first, second, or third degree based on their severity. First degree burns impact only the outer layer of skin (or the epidermis). Second degree burns involve the entire outer layer of skin as well as the upper layers of the skin underneath (or dermis). They often appear as blisters. Third degree burns indicate that all layers of skin have been significantly damaged, with additional injuries extending into the subcutaneous body tissue or even the bloodstream. Very rarely, a burn may also be characterized as fourth degree, indicating that the damage has extended into muscle or bone.
6. Loss Of Sight Or Hearing
Vision and hearing loss are most commonly caused by diseases, but in a work zone, there are multiple hazards that can cause these debilitating injuries as well. Exposure to explosions or chemicals, head injuries, high-impact falls, and direct eye or ear injuries are among the most common causes of sight and hearing loss in the construction and demolition world. Thousands of workers are blinded annually due to workplace injuries, and, according to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), an estimated 10 million American workers have permanent hearing loss because of exposure to excessive noise at work. This number is only expected to increase over time as the general workforce ages.
7. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
The Mayo Clinic describes post-traumatic stress disorder as a mental health condition triggered by an event that has terrified someone. While it is normal to go through a traumatic event and have trouble coping for some time, those suffering from PTSD experience after effects that tend to worsen and last for months or even years.
Symptoms of PTSD can include:
- Flashbacks concerning the traumatic event
- Nightmares and insomnia
- Severe Anxiety
- Uncontrollable, repetitive thoughts concerning the event
Contact Our Personal Injury Attorneys
If you or a loved one have been injured in any of the debilitating ways outlined above and you are not getting the support you deserve from your employer, you may be entitled to take legal action. At Lipsig Law Firm, we understand how hard you work for our city each day, and we want to fight for the rights that are being taken from you. Our dedicated and experienced attorneys are always ready to listen. We offer completely free consultations, and you are not charged anything until we win or successfully settle your case for you.